News: China moves its nationals into its vacant ‘defence villages’ along LAC


What's in the news?

       The Chinese people have started occupying several of the country’s model ‘Xiaokang’ border defence villages, along its border with India’s northeastern region.


Key takeaways:

       For more than five years, China has been building 628 such Xiaokang or “well-off villages” along India’s borders with the Tibet Autonomous Region.

       These have been built all along the LAC, including the Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh borders.


India and Border Villages:

       The Indian government announced the Vibrant Villages Programme in 2022 to develop its border villages into modern villages with all amenities and as tourist attractions.

       The programme builds on the existing Border Area Development Programme (BADP) under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.

       India intends to transform 663 border villages into modern villages as part of the program’s first phase.

       At least 17 such border villages along China’s borders in Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh have been selected for development as a pilot project.

       Zemithang, Taksing, Chayang Tajo, Tuting, and Kibithu are villages in Arunachal Pradesh’s east and Tawang region.