News: Chasing monsoon for 150 years: The origin story of India Meteorological Department


What's in the news?

       It has been a long journey from those early days and IMD now has evolved into a massive organisation, running hundreds of permanent observatories and thousands of automatic weather stations, covering every nook and corner of the country.


Indian Meteorological Department (IMD):

       IMD was established in 1875.

       It is the National Meteorological Service of the country and the principal government agency in all matters relating to meteorology and allied subjects.



       The Director General of Meteorology is the Head of the India Meteorological Department.


Headquarters - Delhi


Regional Centers:

       There are 6 Regional Meteorological Centres, each under a Deputy Director General with headquarters at Mumbai, Chennai, New Delhi, Calcutta, Nagpur and Guwahati.


Nodal Ministry - Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).


Mandate of IMD:

       To take meteorological observations and to provide current and forecast meteorological information for weather-sensitive activities like agriculture, shipping, aviation, offshore oil explorations, etc.

       To warn against severe weather phenomena like tropical cyclones, norwesters, dust storms, heavy rains and snow, cold and heat waves.

       To provide meteorological statistics required for agriculture, water resource management, industries, oil exploration and other nation-building activities.

       To conduct and promote research in meteorology and allied disciplines.


Other Key Takeaways:

       IMD is also one of the six Regional Specialized Meteorological Centres of the World Meteorological Organization.

       The Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre (RSMC) of Tropical Cyclones in New Delhi is responsible for naming the cyclones in the northern Indian ocean region.