News: In a first, IAF C-130 with Garud commandos makes night landing at Kargil ALG


What's in the news?

       In a first, an Indian Air Force (IAF) C-130 Super Hercules tactical transport aircraft made a night landing at the Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) in Kargil close to the Line of Control (LoC) with Pakistan along with a team of Garud special forces.


Key takeaways:

       Explaining the significance, an official said the Advanced Landing Ground is located at an altitude of around 10,000 feet and is a restricted airstrip with unidirectional approach surrounded by rough terrain.


IAF C-130:

       It is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft.

       It is the latest production version of the C-130 Hercules. It replaced, in production, the previous C-130H.

       The C-130J Super Hercules made its first flight in 1996.

       It is the US Air Force’s principal tactical cargo and personnel transport aircraft.

       It was developed by Lockheed Martin, a US security and aerospace company.



       The largest operators are the US Air Force, US Marine Corps, Australia, Canada, India, Italy, and the United Kingdom.



       It primarily performs the tactical portion of the airlift mission, is capable of operating from rough, dirt strips, and is the prime transport for airdropping troops and equipment into hostile areas.

       It has reduced crew requirements. A minimal crew of three men is required to operate this aircraft, including two pilots and one loadmaster.

       It has a payload capacity of 19 tonnes.

       It is powered by four Rolls-Royce AE 2100D3 turboprop engines.

       It has digital avionics, including a Head-Up Display (HUD) for each pilot.

       Range: 6,852 km (no payload)

       Speed: 644 km/hr

       Endurance: 20+ hours

       It is capable of short takeoffs and landings from unprepared runways.



       It is a stretch version of the C-130J.

       The C-130J-30 adds 15 feet to the fuselage, increasing usable space (two more pallets of equipment) in the cargo compartment.