News: In Kaziranga, Indo-French partnership bears fruit


What's in the news?

       Artificial highlands where animals can escape during floods; more than 200 anti-poaching camps; alternate livelihood training for local communities - these measures at the Kaziranga National Park in Assam will form the cornerstone of an Indo-French initiative announced earlier this year.


Key takeaways:

       With French and Indian technical and financial support, the Indo-Pacific Parks Partnership will facilitate partnership activities for interested natural parks of the Indo-Pacific region.

       These activities include biodiversity conservation, wildlife management and engagement with local communities.

       The Kaziranga project is a part of a larger Assam Project on Forest and Biodiversity Conservation (APFBC) for which the Agence Française de Développement (AFD) has committed funding of €80.2 million for a 10-year period, between 2014-2024.

       The project conceptualised the reforestation of 33,500 hectares of land and the training of 10,000 community members in alternate livelihoods by 2024.


Kaziranga National Park:

       Kaziranga National Park is one of India’s oldest reserve areas. It was declared as a National Park in 1974.

       It is located in Golaghat and Nagaon, in the Karbi Anglong district of Assam in northeast India. The park is administered by the forest department of the Assam State Government.

       The sanctuary, which hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses, is a World Heritage Site.

       Kaziranga is home to the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006. (Now, the highest tiger density is in Orang National Park, Assam).

       The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.

       It is also recognized as an Important Bird Area by Bird Life International for the conservation of avifaunal species.

       The park also has elephants, swamp deer, wild water buffalo, etc. It also has a wide range of flora.

       It also has 15 threatened species of fauna. It is also a breeding ground for many species of big cats like leopards and Bengal tigers.

       The 2018 census had yielded 2,413 rhinos and approximately 1,100 elephants.

       In March 2020, Kaziranga National Park was selected as one among the 17 Iconic Tourist Sites of the country by the Indian Government.

       The National Highway 37 passes through the parking area.

       Kaziranga is also home to nine of the 14 species of primates found in the Indian subcontinent.

       The Kaziranga National Park has 250 plus seasonal water bodies, besides the Diphlu River running through it.